January 26, 2016
Vancouver, B.C. - January 26, 2016 -
I-Minerals Inc. (TSX.V: IMA; OTCQX: IMAHF) (the “Company”) announces it has received a market study
report from Roskill Consulting Group Ltd. (the “Roskill Report”) that generally
validates pricing of quartz, potassium feldspar (“K-spar”), metakaolin and
halloysite as used in the Company’s 2014 Pre-Feasibility Study and this data
verification together with Letters of Interest from customers will be the basis
for mineral pricing in the full Feasibility Study being completed by GBM.
Information in the Roskill Report was taken from the landscaping study carried
out by Charles River Associates, an independent study by DURTEC, the Roskill
database and trade analysis, and marketing data from I-Minerals including
interviews, meetings and background information from clients.
I-Minerals’ customer marketing program has
been on-going for over five years, refining the products offered and markets to
be served. The Company intends to
produce an average of 212,500 tpa of products over the current projected 25 year
lifespan of the project including 108,000 tpa of quartz, 47,000 tpa of K-spar,
45,000 tpa of metakaolin and 12,500 tpa of halloysite. Roskill noted that from the extent of the
work carried out and reviewed, I-Minerals has identified robust potential markets
for the quartz, feldspar and metakaolin at the proposed production levels and
significant potential markets for proposed halloysite production.
I-Minerals’ three quartz grades are high
purity and low iron, and readily comparable to existing quartz products
currently available on the marketplace from US based competitors. The grades
all range from 99.90% to 99.97% SiO 2 and are aimed at higher value
applications. The purest silica grade is aimed at high value markets including
solar glass, LCD, decorative and optical glass, and lighting glass, with other
grades aimed at the higher volume markets of flat and container glass. I-Minerals has identified a robust potential
market of 234,500 tpa, of which 140,000 tpa is described as definite interest. This
more than covers the proposed production levels of 108,000 tpa. There is
significant interest for TrueQ™ 1, outlined as 126,000 tpa which reflects the
volumes consumed by the glass industry. However, the focus of production will
be on higher value applications and interest has been demonstrated for volumes
of TrueQ™ 3.
Roskill believes I-Minerals will face
aggressive competition from existing suppliers in the quartz markets,
particularly to supply the high purity quartz grade, TrueQ™ 3, into high value
markets. Indicated prices for quartz range widely and depend on a number of
factors including the specification, both chemical and physical, volumes, and
transport mode (bulk, containers, bagged) amongst others. Prices range from
US$50/ton through to over US$500/ton from indications provided by supplier
comments. As I-Minerals gains traction and wins confidence of buyers it is
anticipated that any discounts applied initially will be won back. Prices for
some sectors are expected to rise more quickly than inflationary expectations.
I-Minerals is going to produce a high grade
K-spar, which gives it advantages over other feldspathic minerals in specialist
ceramic and glass applications. Sources of K-spar are far less common than
other feldspars, and it can therefore command a price premium. In the USA there
is only one main supplier of K-spar, although this material has a lower K 2O
content (min 9.5% K 2O) than I-Minerals’ K-spar product (min 13% K2O).
The domestic K-spar market is currently in short supply with some customers
being supplied on an allocation basis.
I-Minerals has identified interested purchasers for 39,200 tpa for high
grade K-spar in the domestic market representing over 83% of proposed
production of 47,000 tpa.
Pricing of feldspar is complex, reflecting the
varying specifications of the material (including alumina, soda and potash
contents and impurities in addition to physical characteristics). There is no
terminal market for feldspars and most are sold directly from producer to
consumer on a contract-basis (contracts are typically for 6 to 12 months), with
smaller volumes sold on the spot market; therefore pricing is also opaque.
K-spar prices range from US$200/ton through to smaller volumes achieving US$350/ton.
Metakaolin, produced by calcining kaolin at
approximately 850°C, is a highly reactive pozzolan suitable for use as a
specialist cementing material in concrete to add strength and durability.
I-Minerals’ product meets the specifications required for the concrete industry. The Company’s metakaolin has a lower
brightness and is used in larger volume industrial applications in
construction, in structural concrete such as bridge decks, tunnels and cooling
towers and is a unique product in the USA in that the two other significant
producers of metakaolin are based on high brightness kaolin and production is
aimed at the decorative market (e.g. swimming pools). The metakaolin will also
compete with other natural pozzolans, such as fumed silica, but principally fly
ash. The fumed silica is a much more expensive product at approximately
US$1,200/ton, whilst the fly ash is cheaper but has limitations.
I-Minerals has identified a market for
metakaolin of 71,451 tpa, although production is currently forecast at 45,000 tpa.
An alternative lower cost pozzolan to silica fume would be welcomed in the
northwestern US states. Metakaolin, sourced from Georgia is already in use for
remedial work in Oregon. Prospective customers in Colorado, Wyoming and Montana
have all indicated a high interest in a new source of metakaolin particularly
for mitigating the effect of acid-erosion. One of the main causes of concrete
deterioration in the USA is corrosion caused by de-icing salt and marine salt.
Pricing of I-Minerals’ metakaolin is based on an acceptance price by all those
who committed to a letter of intent. Historically, metakaolin prices in the USA
have been based on high brightness white kaolin produced in Georgia, which is
currently priced at US$500/ton delivered to plants in southeastern USA.
However, high transportation costs make Georgia metakaolin an expensive
pozzolan in the northwestern USA.
Halloysite is found in relatively few high
quality deposits around the world. Its principal market is in the production of
porcelain and bone china, but more recently it has been used in technical
ceramics for use in molecular sieves and in the manufacture of honeycomb
catalysts. I-Minerals’ halloysite has a unique structure which could be
advantageous in securing new markets as a carrier for active ingredients in
cosmetics, personal care products, pharmaceutical, and nanotechnology and in
clean technologies and environmental protection. In other trials, it has demonstrated
benefits in compounded polymers (e.g. polypropylene and nylon-6). I-Minerals’
halloysite can also be used in other volume applications such as animal feed
and tile production.
I-Minerals’ halloysite market has significant potential
upside. However, some of the markets are still under research and development,
which means that pricing levels and market sizes for some sectors, such as life
sciences, clean technologies and nanotechnology are for the most part
speculative. For this reason they have not been included as identified
markets. In total I-Minerals has
identified global markets of 8,564 tons accounting for about 70% of proposed
production with potential for additional tonnages into polymer, scientific,
tile and animal feed markets. Pricing of halloysite is complex as many of the
high value applications are new, and there is a wide differential depending on
the amount of processing, specification, volume, and end-use industry. For
volume applications such as animal feed and the oil and gas industry average
pricing from industry sources is US$700-720/ton delivered southeast USA. For
polymer pricing, the indications range between US$2,000-6,000/ton illustrating
the wide variation. The pricing of some
of the life science and clean technology applications currently at the research
and development stage have been forecast to be priced between US$2,000-10,000/ton.
“The marketing study for I-Minerals’ Bovill
operation has been incredibly interesting to work on, owing to the unique
product mix, combined with the opaque nature of the many different markets. The
four minerals are aimed at a wide variety of applications, many of which are
high value when compared to other industrial minerals, which made this a
complex review,” stated Alison Saxby, Director and Manager Industrial Minerals
Research of Roskill Consulting Group Ltd.
metals and precious metals prices are readily available through the mainstream
media, there is no public source of industrial mineral prices as every
company’s mineral product has different chemical properties when compared with
a competitor’s products, “stated Thomas Conway, President and CEO of I-Minerals
Inc. “Having Roskill, the industry
expert, vet our pricing structure for our high purity mineral products is an
important milestone for the Company and an endorsement of our marketing efforts
Michael Short, BE, FIMMM CEng, Chief
Executive Officer of GBM Engineers, LLC is a qualified person (“QP”) as defined by NI 43-101 and
has reviewed and approved the contents of this release.
About I-Minerals Inc.
is developing multiple deposits of high purity, high value halloysite, quartz,
potassium feldspar and kaolin at its strategically located Helmer-Bovill
property in north central Idaho. A 2014 Prefeasibility Study on the Bovill
Kaolin Deposit completed by SRK Consulting (USA) Inc. demonstrated robust
economics. A full feasibility study is being led by GBM Engineers LLC with an
expected completion in the first quarter of 2016 with full permitting expected
in the second quarter of 2016.
been a leader in international metals and minerals research since 1930. Since
the first Roskill reports were published in 1970, its list of publications has
grown to over 35 detailed market reports and briefings. Its consultancy division offers a wide range
of consulting services to the metals and minerals business, including market
assessments, feasibility studies, acquisition studies, company and product
profiles and industry analysis.
Per: “Thomas M. Conway”
NEITHER THE TSX VENTURE EXCHANGE NOR ITS REGULATION SERVICES PROVIDER (AS THAT TERM IS DEFINED IN THE POLICIES OF THE TSX VENTURE EXCHANGE) ACCEPTS RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE ADEQUACY OR ACCURACY OF THIS NEWS
This News Release includes certain “forward looking statements” within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Without limitation, statements regarding potential
mineralization and resources, exploration results, and future plans and objectives of the Company are forward looking statements that involve various risks. Actual results could differ materially from those
projected as a result of the following factors, among others: changes in the world wide price of mineral market conditions, risks inherent in mineral exploration, risk associated with development, construction and
mining operations, the uncertainty of future profitability and uncertainty of access to additional capital.
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